Standard Methods Applicable to LabQMC Analyses

The following list includes some of the ASTM, ISO, USP, DIN, and MPIF standard methods applicable to our analytical offerings.


Technical Capability


Measurement / Instruments Used

Surface Area using Nitrogen: Autosorb, Nova, Quadrasorb, Monosorb
Surface Area using Argon: Autosorb, Nova, Quadrasorb, Monosorb
Surface Area using Krypton: Autosorb, Quadrasorb, Monosorb
Pore Size and Volume by Gas Adsorption: Autosorb, Nova, Quadrasorb:
High Pressure Gas Sorption Measurement: iSorb
Heat of Adsorption: Aquadyne, Vstar, iSorb, Autosorb, ChemStar:
Water Sorption: Aquadyne, Vstar
Chemisorption: Autosorb, ChemStar, ChemBET Pulsar
Pore Size and Volume by Mercury Porosimetry: PoreMaster
Pore Size and Volume by Capillary Flow Porometry: Porometer
True Density, Open and Closed Cell Content by Gas Pycnometry: Ultrapycnometer, Micro-Ultrapyc
Foam Fracture and Compressibility by Gas Pycnometry: Ultrapycnometer, Micro-Ultrapyc
Foam Fracture and Compressibility by Gas Pycnometry: Ultrapycnometer, Micro-Ultrapyc
Tapped Packing Density/Bulk Density: Dual Autotap, PoreMaster
Particle Size Distribution by Laser Diffraction, Wet or Dry: Particle Size Analyzer
Breakthrough Analysis: Dynasorb
Sample Preparation: Millprep, Riffler


ASTM: Bulk and Tapped Density

B527-15: Standard Test Method for Tap Density of Metal Powders and Compounds.
D4164-13: Standard Test Method for Mechanically Tapped Packing Density of Formed Catalyst and Catalyst Carriers.
D4781-03(2013): Standard Test Method for Mechanically Tapped Packing Density of Fine Catalyst Particles and Catalyst Carrier Particles.

ASTM: Capillary Flow Porometry.

D6767-14: Standard Test Method for Pore Size Characteristics of Geotextiles by Capillary Flow Test.
E128-99(2011): Standard Test Method for Maximum Pore Diameter and Permeability of Rigid Porous Filters for Laboratory Use.
F316-03(2011): Standard Test Methods for Pore Size Characteristics of Membrane Filters by Bubble Point and Mean Flow Pore Test.
F2450–10: Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue- Engineered Medical Products.
F2952–14: Standard Guide for Determining the Mean Darcy Permeability Coefficient for a Porous Tissue Scaffold.

ASTM: Chemisorption

D3908-03(2015): Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Chemisorption on Supported Platinum Catalysts by Volumetric Vacuum Method.
D4824-13: Standard Test Method for Determination of Catalyst Acidity by Ammonia Chemisorption.
D5160-95(2014): Standard Guide for Gas-Phase Adsorption Testing of Activated Carbon.
D5228-92(2015): Standard Test Method for Determination of Butane Working Capacity of Activated Carbon.
D5742-95(2015): Standard Test Method for Determination of Butane Activity of Activated Carbon.

ASTM: Helium Pycnometry: True Density, Open and Closed Cell Content

B923-10: Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Skeletal Density by Helium or Nitrogen Pycnometry.
C110-15: Standard Test Methods for Physical Testing of Quicklime, Hydrated Lime, and Limestone.
C604-02(2012): Standard Test Method for True Specific Gravity of Refractory Materials by Gas-Comparison Pycnometer.
D2638-10(2015)e1: Standard Test Method for Real Density of Calcined Petroleum Coke by Helium Pycnometer.
D4892-14: Standard Test Method for Density of Solid Pitch (Helium Pycnometer Method).
D5550-14:Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Gas Pycnometer.
D5965-02(2013): Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Coating Powders.
D6093-97(2011): Standard Test Method for Percent Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings Using a Helium Gas Pycnometer.
D6226-15: Standard Test Method for Open Cell Content of Rigid Cellular Plastics.

ASTM: Mercury Porosimetry

D4284-12: Standard Test Method for Determining Pore Volume Distribution of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry.
D4404-10: Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue- Engineered Medical Products.

ASTM: Particle Size

B822-10: Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Metal Powders and Related Compounds by Light Scattering.
D4464-15: Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Materials by Laser Light Scattering.

ASTM: Pore Size and Volume by Gas Adsorption

D4222-03(2015)e1: Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen Adsorption and Desorption Isotherms of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers by Static Volumetric Measurements.
D4641-12: Standard Practice for Calculation of Pore Size Distributions of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers from Nitrogen Desorption Isotherms.

ASTM: Surface Area

B922-10 Size: Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption.
C1069-09(2014): Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption.
C1274-12: Standard Test Method for Advanced Ceramic Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption.
D1993-03(2013)e1: Standard Test Method for Precipitated Silica-Surface Area by Multipoint BET Nitrogen Adsorption.
D3663-03(2015): Standard Test Method for Surface Area of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers.
D4567-03(2013): Standard Test Method for Single-Point Determination of Specific Surface Area of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers Using Nitrogen Adsorption by Continuous Flow Method.
D4780-12: Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Surface Area of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers by Multipoint Krypton Adsorption.
D5604-96(2012): Standard Test Methods for Precipitated Silica—Surface Area by Single Point B.E.T. Nitrogen Adsorption.
D6556-16: Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Total and External Surface Area by Nitrogen Adsorption.

DIN Standards

66133: Determination of Pore Volume Distribution and Specific Surface Area of Solids by Mercury Intrusion.
66134: Determination of the pore size distribution and the specific surface area of mesoporous solids by means of nitrogen sorption - Method of Barrett, Joyner and Halenda (BJH).
66135-1: Particle Characterization - Micropore Analysis by Gas Adsorption - Part 1: Fundamentals and Testing Procedure.
66135-2: Particle Characterization - Micropore Analysis by Gas Adsorption – Part 2: Evaluation by Isotherms Comparison.
66135-3: Particle characterization - Micropore analysis by gas adsorption - Part 3: Determination of the micropore volume according to Dubinin and Radushkevich.
66135-4: Particle size analysis - Micropore analysis by gas adsorption - Part 4: Determination of pore distribution according to Horvath-Kawazoe and Saito-Foley.

ISO: Bulk and Tapped Density

ISO 787-11:1981: Title Abstract Reference Number General methods of test for pigments and extenders --Part 11: Determination of tamped volume and apparent density after tamping.
ISO 3953:2011: Metallic powders -- Determination of tap density,
ISO 8460:1987: Instant coffee -- Determination of free-flow and compacted bulk densities.
ISO 8967:2005: Dried milk and dried milk products -- Determination of bulk density.

ISO: Capillary Flow Porometry

ISO 4003-1977: Permeable sintered metal materials – Determination of bubble test pore size.

ISO: Helium Pycnometry: True Density, Open and Closed Cell Content

ISO 787-10:1993: General methods of test for pigments and extenders -- Part 10: Determination of density -- Pyknometer method.
ISO 4590:2002: Rigid cellular plastics --Determination of the volume percentage of open cells and of closed cells.
ISO 8130-2:1992: Coating powders -- Part 2: Determination of density by gas comparison pyknometer (referee method).
ISO 12154:2014: Determination of density by volumetric displacement -- Skeleton density by Gas Pycnometry.

ISO: Mercury Porosimetry

ISO 15901-1:2016: Evaluation of pore size distribution and porosity of solid materials by mercury porosimetry and gas adsorption -- Part 1: Mercury porosimetry.

ISO: Particle Size

ISO 13320:2009: Particle size analysis -- Laser diffraction methods.

ISO: Pore Size and Volume by Gas Adsorption

ISO 15901-2:2006: Pore size distribution and porosity of solid materials by mercury porosimetry and gas adsorption -- Part 2: Analysis of mesopores and macropores by gas adsorption.
ISO 15901-3:2007: Pore size distribution and porosity of solid materials by mercury porosimetry and gas adsorption -- Part 3: Analysis of micropores by gas adsorption.

ISO: Surface Area

ISO 4652:2012: Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of specific surface area by nitrogen adsorption methods -- Single- point procedures
ISO 8008:2005: Aluminium oxide primarily used for the production of aluminium -- Determination of specific surface area by nitrogen adsorption
ISO 9277:2010: Determination of the specific surface area of solids by gas adsorption – BET method
ISO 18757:2003: Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) -- Determination of specific surface area of ceramic powders by gas adsorption using the BET method
ISO 18852:2015: Rubber compounding ingredients -- Determination of multipoint nitrogen surface area (NSA) and statistical thickness surface area (STSA)

IUPAC

Pure and Applied Chemistry.,
84, 107–136 (2012):
Liquid intrusion and alternative methods for the characterization of macroporous materials (IUPAC Technical Report)
Pure Appl. Chem., 87, 1051-1069 (2015): Physisorption of gases, with special reference to the evaluation of surface area and pore size distribution (IUPAC Technical Report)

MPIF Standards

01 Sampling Metal Powders
46 Determination of Tap Density of Metal Powders
63 Density Determination of MIM Components (Gas Pycnometer)
267 Porosimetry by Mercury Intrusion
268 Porosity By Nitrogen Adsorption-Desorption
429 Light Diffraction Measurement of Particle Size
616 Bulk Density (Method I) and Tapped Density (Method II) of Powders
699 Density of Solids - Gas Pycnometry
846 Specific Surface Area